[34] A number of images of Mahavira, Padmavati, and Parsvanatha have been recovered from Kerala. The Paliyam Copper Plate of the Ay King, Varaguna (885-925 AD)[53] shows that the Buddhists benefited from royal patronage in the 10th century. Population from 2001 and 2011 census, with percentage by religion for each district[clarification needed], T. Nandakumar, "54.72 % of population in Kerala are Hindus". The communities arrival was recorded on the Thomas of Cana copper plates which existed in Kerala until the 17th century after which point they were taken to Portugal by the Franciscan Order. Buddhism probably flourished for 200 years (650-850) in Kerala. These Jews were called white Jews as opposed to the native black Jews. According to figures of the religion census of 2011, yet to be officially released, Hindus comprised 78.35 per cent of the total population of 121.05 crore, compared with 80.45 per cent of the total population in 2001. Historians do not rule out the possibility of Islam being introduced to Kerala as early as the seventh century CE. Chennai-based Centre for Policy Studies states that the number of Muslims was 37.7 million (10.4%). Hindus, who make up over half the population of the state, form the largest religious community in Kerala. Different religions followed by different people living in different parts […] Kunhali, V. "Muslim Communities in Kerala to 1798" PhD Dissertation Aligarh Muslim University (1986). The only verifiable historical evidence about the Kerala Jews goes back only to the Jewish Copper Plate Grant of Bhaskara Ravi Varman in 1000 AD. Hinduism constitutes 54.73% of Kerala population. Epigraphical evidence suggests that the shrine at "Tirukkunavay", perhaps located near Cochin, was the major Jain temple in medieval Kerala (from c. 9th century CE). Religious groups which have work participation rate above the national average in descending order are Other religions (48.4 per cent), Buddhists (40.6 per cent), Issues such as widespread poverty, unemployment and educational backwardness began to change. Religion in Kerala (2011 Official Census)[1], Kerala has a reputation of being, communally, one of the most religiously diverse states in India. The demand for a separate religion code has been gaining momentum again. There were a number of Parsi families settled in Kerala, particularly around Kozhikode and Thalassery area. [34], Some of the Jain temples in Kerala were taken over by the Hindus at a later stage. Work Participation Rate by Religion Work participation rate, i.e., the percentage of workers to total population for the country is 39.1 per cent in 2001 Census. The Jews were protected. Between 1991 to 2001, there was a growth of 9.4% in population of Kerala, this further was down to 4.9% in last finished Census of 2011. According to 2011 Census of India figures, 54.73% of Kerala's population are Hindus, 26.56% are Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.33% follow other religions or have no religion. The series of violence eventually exploded as the infamous Mappila Uprising (1921–22). [2][11][12][a] 1987 pp. [26][27], A large number of Muslims of Kerala found extensive employment in the Persian Gulf countries in the following years (c. 1970s). Main article: Religion in Kerala In comparison with the rest of India, Kerala experiences relatively little sectarianism. [32] There is no consensus of opinion on the date of the arrival of the first Jews in India. Katz 2000; Koder 1973; Thomas Puthiakunnel 1973; David de Beth Hillel, 1832; Lord, James Henry 1977. The share of Hindus in India’s population has shown the sharpest dip in a decade since Independence and has dropped below 80 per cent. In that around 61% of them are Catholics and they are Latin Catholic Church, Syro-Malabar Catholic Church and Syro-Malankara Catholic Church.[52]. Population of Tamil speakers in 1951 Census: 26,546,764 (7.43% of total Indian population) Population of Tamil Nadu in 2001 Census of India – 62,405,679; Population of Tamil speakers in 2001 Census: 60,793,814 (6.26% of total Indian population) Population of Tamil Nadu in 2011 Census … 18% … [33] This document records the royal gift of rights and privileges to the Jewish Chief of Anjuvannam Joseph Rabban. By 1951, their numbers had dwindled to 61%. [29] As per the latest government data, female literacy rate in Malappuram District, center of Mappila distribution, stood at 91.55% (2011 Census). Katz 2000; Koder 1973; Thomas Puthiakunnel 1973; David de Beth Hillel, 1832; Lord, James Henry 1977. Several saints and movements existed. The so-called "Rules of the Tirukkunavay Temple" provided model and precedent for all other Jain temples of Kerala. Later in the 16th century many Jews from Portugal and Spain settled in Cochin. Religions. Various groups classified as tribes in Kerala still dominate various remote and hilly areas of Kerala. Like Brahmins they were allowed to sit in front of Kings, ride on horse or elephants, to collect taxes. Since then, regular decennial censuses have been carried out regularly, in at least the Indian Union. District wise population of Kerala. On September 20, Adivasis from Jharkhand staged a massive protest, forming a huge human chain that included hundreds of people from villages, towns, blocks and panchayat wards, and many organizations and committees as well. [5] National Register of Citizens for Assam (NRC) was prepared soon after the census. The State has now 52.30 per cent rural population in 2011 Census as against 74.04 per cent in 2001 Census. [50] The caste system became prevalent in Kerala later than any other parts of India after fourth and fifth century AD. As per available data, nearly 69% of Kerala population followed Indic religions, predominantly Hinduism in 1901. There are various denominations/churches exist among Christians of Kerala. [8] Based on 1951 census of displaced persons, 7,226,000 Muslims went to Pakistan (both West and East Pakistan Latin Rite Christians has protracted over eleven centuries and the work of evangelization was revived by the western missionaries in the 13th century. The huge growth in urban population during the past decade 2001-2011 (92.72 %) could be attributed squarely to the manifold increase in number of Towns in the State between 2001 & 2011 from 159 to 520. Temples in Kerala follow elaborate rituals and traditionally only priests from the Nambudiri caste could be appointed as priests in major temples. After the creation of the State of Israel in 1948, most Jews decided to emigrate to Israel. Volume VI. [17][18] Travellers have recorded the considerably huge presence of Muslim merchants and settlements of sojourning traders in most of the ports of Kerala. 1951 Indian census showed that there were 8.3 million Christians. [2] 1951 census was also the first census to be conducted under 1948 Census of India Act. [20][21] Muslim merchant magnates owning ships, spread their shipping and trading business interests across the Indian Ocean. [47][48][49] Before the arrival of Europeans in Kerala there were only Marthoma Nasranis also called as Malankara Syrian Christians due to its historical, religious, and liturgical connection to Syriac Christianity. [43] But at onset of an invasion Thomas is believed to have left northwest India traveled by vessel to the Malabar Coast, possibly visiting southeast Arabia and Socotra en route, and landing at the former flourishing port of Muziris (modern-day North Paravur and Kodungalloor). While Kerala has what appears to be rapid growth by the standards of most areas, its 4.9% decadal growth in 2011 was the lowest in India and less than one-third of the India average of 17.64%. Census Of India 1951 Volume-1 India Part-1-a --report Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. The caste system as ap… The Marthoma Nasranis back then also has the role of pollution neutralizers ie.,if a lower caste person hand over a substance to a Nasrani and if he in turn gives it to an upper caste, say for example Brahmin, then there would be no pollution for that Brahmin.[51]. In this article, we have provided important details of population, by state wise population data, religion wise data, and much more. Later Britishers too were tolerant. [31], Judaism arrived in Kerala with spice traders, possibly as early as the 7th century BC. From 1951 to 1991, Population growth in Kerala was steady, from there on there has been a decrease in the population growth rate. ADVERTISEMENTS: Religion is a way of life in India and it affects the social, economic and political structure of society. 2. "Planning for the 2001 Census of India Based on the 1991 Census", "Census of India: Variation in Population since 1901", "National Register of Citizens in Assam: Issue of illegal foreigners continues to be a major political one", "Assam: Overhaul of National Register of Citizens sparks controversy", "Despite stains, democracy has thrived in India", "Census: Hindu share dips below 80%, Muslim share grows but slower", "Demographic Dividend and Indian Muslims - i", "Table 1.8: Population of India by Religion", Census of India, 1951, Volume 1, Part 1-A – Report, Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1951_Census_of_India&oldid=991067480, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 02:31. Protestantism arrived a few centuries later with missionary activity during British rule. 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